The technique to pollard a tree is the initial removal of the top section of a young tree at a prescribed height to encourage multi-stem branching from that point, sometimes this is then used for fodder, firewood or poles.
When a tree becomes unsafe, due to its health, size or location, ones options are limited. If the tree is deemed safe enough to remain in situ, then a pollard may be the best option, as this dramatically reduces the size of a tree, so making it safe whilst not removing it completely.
Certain trees respond differently to pollarding, species such as Elm, Horse Chestnut, Lime, Plane and Willow respond very well, whereas species such as Beech, Birch, Hornbeam and Walnut do not. Most evergreen trees do not respond well, with Yew and Holly being some of the few acceptations.
Once a tree is pollarded, it should be repeated on a cyclical basis, always retaining the initial pollard point.
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